Sustainablog

This blog will cover some news items related to Sustainability: Corporate Social Responsibility, Stewardship, Environmental management, etc.

14.10.06

What the world pays for Energy


The Grand Prize winner is at the end of the list (unsurprisingly, I might add)

Australia
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
3.35
($/litre)
0.89
U.S. = 100
142
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
n/a
($/litre)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.10
U.S. = 100
102
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

Austria
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
4.83
($/litre)
1.28
U.S. = 100
205
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
3.12
($/litre)
0.83
U.S. = 100
125
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.16
U.S. = 100
168
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
794.8
U.S. = 100
128
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
744.54
U.S. = 100
153
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency
 
Belgium
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
6.02
($/litre)
1.59
U.S. = 100
256
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
4.04
($/litre)
1.07
U.S. = 100
161
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
675.62
U.S. = 100
109
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency
Canada
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
3.04
($/litre)
0.80
U.S. = 100
129
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
3.07
($/litre)
0.81
U.S. = 100
123
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
709.99
U.S. = 100
114
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
395.18
U.S. = 100
81
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency
Czech Republic
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
4.49
($/litre)
1.19
U.S. = 100
191
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
3.74
($/litre)
0.99
U.S. = 100
149
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.12
U.S. = 100
121
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
731.64
U.S. = 100
118
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
519.44
U.S. = 100
107
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency
Denmark
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
5.63
($/litre)
1.49
U.S. = 100
239
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
3.95
($/litre)
1.04
U.S. = 100
158
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.29
U.S. = 100
305
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
1218.25
U.S. = 100
196
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
1270.76
U.S. = 100
261
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency
Finland
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
5.68
($/litre)
1.50
U.S. = 100
241
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
3.77
($/litre)
1.00
U.S. = 100
151
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.12
U.S. = 100
125
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
755.4
U.S. = 100
122
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
334.95
U.S. = 100
69
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency
France
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
5.52
($/litre)
1.46
U.S. = 100
234
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
4.05
($/litre)
1.07
U.S. = 100
162
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.14
U.S. = 100
142
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
774.22
U.S. = 100
125
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
653.44
U.S. = 100
134
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency
Germany
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
5.75
($/litre)
1.52
U.S. = 100
244
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
4.33
($/litre)
1.14
U.S. = 100
173
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.20
U.S. = 100
206
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
682.43
U.S. = 100
110
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency
Greece
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
4.11
($/litre)
1.09
U.S. = 100
175
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
3.47
($/litre)
0.92
U.S. = 100
139
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.11
U.S. = 100
118
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
1044.47
U.S. = 100
168
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
503.14
U.S. = 100
103
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency
Hungary
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
4.70
($/litre)
1.24
U.S. = 100
200
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
3.86
($/litre)
1.02
U.S. = 100
154
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.13
U.S. = 100
132
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
373.74
U.S. = 100
77
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency
Ireland
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
4.92
($/litre)
1.30
U.S. = 100
209
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
4.06
($/litre)
1.07
U.S. = 100
162
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.18
U.S. = 100
192
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
837.97
U.S. = 100
135
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
606.43
U.S. = 100
124
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency
Italy
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
5.70
($/litre)
1.51
U.S. = 100
242
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
4.38
($/litre)
1.16
U.S. = 100
175
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.20
U.S. = 100
208
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
1333.68
U.S. = 100
215
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency
Japan
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
4.20
($/litre)
1.11
U.S. = 100
178
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
2.91
($/litre)
0.77
U.S. = 100
116
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.20
U.S. = 100
204
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
666.6
U.S. = 100
107
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
1271.52
U.S. = 100
261
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency
Luxembourg
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
4.81
($/litre)
1.27
U.S. = 100
204
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
3.56
($/litre)
0.94
U.S. = 100
142
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.19
U.S. = 100
194
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
629.84
U.S. = 100
102
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
477.53
U.S. = 100
98
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

Mexico
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
2.32
($/litre)
0.61
U.S. = 100
99
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
1.66
($/litre)
0.44
U.S. = 100
66
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.10
U.S. = 100
105
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
659.4
U.S. = 100
135
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

Netherlands
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
6.31
($/litre)
1.67
U.S. = 100
268
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
4.16
($/litre)
1.10
U.S. = 100
166
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.24
U.S. = 100
254
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
1041.64
U.S. = 100
168
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
858.15
U.S. = 100
176
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

New Zealand
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
3.68
($/litre)
0.97
U.S. = 100
156
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
2.37
($/litre)
0.63
U.S. = 100
95
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.13
U.S. = 100
139
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
743.97
U.S. = 100
153
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

Norway
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
6.32
($/litre)
1.67
U.S. = 100
268
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
4.58
($/litre)
1.21
U.S. = 100
183
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.09
U.S. = 100
89
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
1256.93
U.S. = 100
203
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

Poland
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
4.42
($/litre)
1.17
U.S. = 100
188
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
3.58
($/litre)
0.95
U.S. = 100
143
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.13
U.S. = 100
130
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
781.54
U.S. = 100
126
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
449.72
U.S. = 100
92
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

Portugal
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
5.58
($/litre)
1.47
U.S. = 100
237
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
4.22
($/litre)
1.11
U.S. = 100
169
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.18
U.S. = 100
184
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
790.61
U.S. = 100
127
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
1009.22
U.S. = 100
207
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

Slovak Republic
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
4.57
($/litre)
1.21
U.S. = 100
194
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
3.95
($/litre)
1.04
U.S. = 100
158
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.13
U.S. = 100
135
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
431.22
U.S. = 100
88
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

South Korea
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
5.78
($/litre)
1.53
U.S. = 100
245
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
n/a
($/litre)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.09
U.S. = 100
93
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
956.91
U.S. = 100
154
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
609.75
U.S. = 100
125
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

Spain
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
4.50
($/litre)
1.19
U.S. = 100
191
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
3.65
($/litre)
0.96
U.S. = 100
146
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.15
U.S. = 100
160
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
720
U.S. = 100
116
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
726.64
U.S. = 100
149
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

Sweden
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
5.45
($/litre)
1.44
U.S. = 100
231
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
4.32
($/litre)
1.14
U.S. = 100
173
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
1257.7
U.S. = 100
203
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

Switzerland
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
4.64
($/litre)
1.23
U.S. = 100
197
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
4.32
($/litre)
1.14
U.S. = 100
173
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.13
U.S. = 100
133
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
597.94
U.S. = 100
96
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
714.2
U.S. = 100
147
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

Taiwan
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
2.84
($/litre)
0.75
U.S. = 100
121
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
2.38
($/litre)
0.63
U.S. = 100
95
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.07
U.S. = 100
72
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
n/a
U.S. = 100
n/a
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
354.97
U.S. = 100
73
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

Turkey
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
7.43
($/litre)
1.96
U.S. = 100
316
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
5.88
($/litre)
1.55
U.S. = 100
235
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.12
U.S. = 100
124
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
1473.86
U.S. = 100
238
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
410.22
U.S. = 100
84
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

U.K.
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
5.89
($/litre)
1.56
U.S. = 100
250
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
5.28
($/litre)
1.39
U.S. = 100
211
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.16
U.S. = 100
164
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
593.08
U.S. = 100
96
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
519.67
U.S. = 100
107
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

U.S.
Unleaded Premium Gasoline
($/U.S. gal)
2.35
($/litre)
0.62
U.S. = 100
100
Automotive Diesel Oil ($/U.S. gal)
($/U.S. gal)
2.50
($/litre)
0.66
U.S. = 100
100
Electricity for Households
($/kWh)
0.10
U.S. = 100
100
Light Fuel Oil for Households
($/Kl)
620.24
U.S. = 100
100
Natural Gas for Households
($/10e7 kcal GCV)
487.47
U.S. = 100
100
Unleaded Premium Prices By Country


Source: International Energy Agency

Unleaded Premium Prices By Country ($/U.S. gal)


Source: International Energy Agency

12.10.06

Centre for sustainable design




http://www.cfsd.org.uk/

The Centre for Sustainable Design facilitates discussion and research on eco-design and broader sustainability considerations in product and service development. This is achieved through training, workshops, conferences, research, consultancy, publications, and the Internet. The Centre also acts as an information clearing house and a focus for innovative thinking on sustainable products and services. The Centre is an internationally recognised centre of excellence.

Norbert's blog: Post on sustainable archtiecture

Norbert has a great post on sustainable architecture... Here is the start of his text; the rest, on his blog... Link below.


Norbert's blog: "Sustainable Architecture (Peter Busby)

* Oct 11, 2006 at 5:48 PM

I had the pleasure of hearing Peter Busby speak at the September 27th Sustainable Speaker Series lecture put on by the and Region Conservation Authority. Peter topic was Extending Sustainable Design from Buildings to Communities: Recent Busby Perkins+Will Projects. I arrived just in time to see a chart showing the continuing per capita growth of greenhouse gas emissions in Canada, during a time period where Europe has been showing gradual reductions. Although both and Europe will have challenges meeting their commitments, Canada’s task is growing increasingly difficult each year. Contributing factors include weak national energy codes and a focus on primary producers (such as cement manufacturers) rather than building design. On the other hand, municipalities and businesses are increasingly taking a leadership role.

Based on Peter’s experiences in sustainable architecture, the lowest cost initiatives tend to generate the highest return. Examples included form and orientation; recycled content; upgrading existing buildings; harvesting hot or cool air; natural ventilation and light; solar shading and reflection; and using deep pools for ground-source heat pumps. Over the years, Peter’s buildings have show increasing energy efficiency, where recent designs use 60% less energy than ASHRAE energy standards. An example"

A hitch in globalization of health care


A hitch in globalization of health care
By Saritha Rai The New York Times

Published: October 11, 2006




BANGALORE, India A few weeks ago, Carl Garrett, a 60-year-old North Carolina resident, was packing his bags to fly to New Delhi and check into the plush Indraprastha Apollo Hospital to have his gall bladder removed and the painful muscles in his left shoulder operated on.
 
Garrett was to be a test case, the first company-sponsored worker in the United States to receive medical treatment in low-cost India.
 
But instead of making the 20-hour flight, Garrett was grounded by a stormy debate between his employer, who saw the benefits of using the less expensive hospitals in India, and his union, which raised questions about the quality of health care overseas and the issue of medical liability should anything go wrong.
 
"I was looking forward to the adventure of being treated in India," Garrett said the other day. "But my company dropped the ball."
 
The union, the United Steelworkers, stepped in after it heard about Garrett's plans, saying it deplored a "shocking new approach" of sending workers to low-cost countries as a way to cut health care costs.
 
Its officials insisted that Garrett find a health care option within the United States.
 
"No U.S. citizen should be exposed to the risks involved in traveling internationally for health care services," Leo Gerard, union president, said in a recent letter to the Senate and House committees that oversee health care. He described the willingness of employers to offer incentives to employees to go overseas as "frightening."
 
Garrett, who works for Blue Ridge Paper Products in Canton, North Carolina, had volunteered to get his treatments in India in return for a share in the company's savings. Blue Ridge now says it will find Garrett a treatment alternative in the United States and offer the overseas health care option only to its salaried employees.
 
Indus Health, the health care service provider in North Carolina that would have chosen the hospital, arranged the trip and paid for Garrett's treatment in India, acknowledged that its plan to send Blue Ridge workers to India was "on hold" but said it was exploring deals with other companies.
 
The union's resistance highlights a critical hurdle in the globalization of the health care industry: Who is liable if something goes wrong in a distant Indian hospital?
 
Underlying the debate is the even more explosive issue of potential job losses in health care in a country already sensitive to the large-scale shift of white-collar service jobs to cheaper overseas locations.
 
Even as the debate continues about insurers' role in health care outsourcing, hundreds of uninsured and underinsured Americans have already gone on their own to India for treatments.
 
With medical costs in India routinely 80 percent lower than in the United States, experts predict that globally standardized health care delivered in countries like India and Thailand will eventually change the face of the health care business.
 
Providing health care to foreigners could generate $20 billion for India by 2012, according to a study by the consulting firm McKinsey, although McKinsey did not say how many people that figure represented.
 
With 150,000 overseas patients last year - though only a small fraction of them Americans - India is already the global leader in importing foreign patients for low-cost treatment. Its best hospitals have Western-trained doctors and modern equipment.
 
Still, cross-border medical liability in countries like India could prove the hurdle, the experts say. In the case of Garrett, Blue Ridge Paper asked him to sign a release saying that he "is on his own as far as medical liability," said Bonnie Blackley, the benefits director at Blue Ridge.
 
Zubin Daruwalla, a health care analyst at the consultant Frost & Sullivan, said there was no uniform code in India on what could be considered medical negligence and what compensation ought to be paid.
 
"Compared with the huge payouts in the United States, Indian courts award small amounts," Daruwalla said.
 
Companies have been trying to curb their employees' health care costs and the pressure to outsource health care is inevitable, predicted Aaditya Mattoo, an economist with the World Bank in Washington who specializes in global services trade.
 
But United Steelworkers, the largest industrial union in North America with more than 850,000 members, said it would fight any effort by American companies to send employees abroad for treatments.
 
"We are confident that we are in a position to block any employees being exported to India, Thailand or Mexico," said Stan Johnson, a spokesman, adding, "The ailing American health care system cannot be cured by sending patients abroad."
 
Harpal Singh, chairman of Fortis Healthcare, a large New Delhi-based chain with several sophisticated hospitals that was set up by Ranbaxy Laboratories, the largest drug maker in India, said U.S. companies would not resist for long the lure of overseas hospitals offering first-world health care at third- world costs.
 
McKinsey has forecast that by 2008, top companies in the United States will spend as much on health care on average as they make in profit. As insurance costs become unaffordable, companies are scaling back or dropping health benefits.
 
Fortis runs a dozen hospitals catering to foreigners in and around New Delhi, including a state-of-the art 250-bed cardiac hospital in neighboring Mohali where uninsured Americans represent a fifth of all patients. The chain plans to add 35 hospitals in the next five years.
 
Many of these, and those by rival chains like Wockhardt and Apollo, will be built to the specifications of international hospital certification agencies.
 
To be sure, swarms of employer- sponsored patients are unlikely to descend on India soon. Crowded airports, traffic-clogged streets, distressing poverty and the general reputation for grime can put off even the average Western tourist, let alone a patient arriving for treatment.
 
But as far as Garrett is concerned, if there was a benefit to the cancellation, he said he could not see it. He was all set to go to India with his fiancée and then return in good health to marry her. Instead, his treatment has been delayed and he is now left to pay high incidental expenses and a higher co-payment for his treatment in the United States. "I've been left out in the cold," he said.